area was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on
September 12, 1974. The town of Clinton, established as a county
seat of Jones
County in 1809, was the center of political, educational, and industrial
growth in the frontier areas of the lower Piedmont region of Georgia.
The town is significant in Georgia history as the site of one of
the country’s largest cotton gin factories, the Griswoldville
Cotton Gin Factory, and the site of one of the first female
Clinton Female Seminary.
Clinton Female Seminary was incorporated on December 15, 1821by
Act of Legislature. This successful school under Rev. Thomas Bog
Slade, honor graduate of Chapel
Hill, N. C. was the fore-runner of Georgia Female College (Wesleyan) in Macon.
On January 9, 1939 Prof. Slade went to Wesleyan as leading instructor taking
with him 30 students and two of his best teachers with him. He wrote the
first diploma delivered at Wesleyan, said to be the first degree
to be granted by any
college to a woman.
The town is also significant architecturally for its collection of
early 19th century residential and public structures, one of the largest
in the state, of which several are attributed to master craftsman-architect
Daniel Pratt. The one and two-story frame houses of the town are situated
tree-lined streets arranged in a grid pattern around a central courthouse
square. Twelve major houses remain from the town’s chief period
of significance. Built between 1809 and 1830, these resources are characterized
as braced frame
central hall, hall-parlor, I-house, and plantation plain type houses with
clapboard siding and brick pier foundations. In addition to the homes
is the historic
resource, Clinton Methodist Church, a braced frame, front gable church built
c 1821. The
town retains its early 19th century character and village-like atmosphere.